E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi.

Cited by (9)

Abstract
Background: Saudi Arabia (KSA) showed a higher number of Middle East respiratory syndrome—coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in Eastern Mediterranean Region. Satisfactory knowledge, positive attitude, and healthful practice of health-care workers (HCWs) regarding MERS-CoV are a cornerstone in prevention of virus spread and disease outbreak.

Objective: To assess and improve knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of HCWs toward MERS-CoV.

Materials and Methods: An interventional prospective study was conducted during the year 2015 on a randomly selected 398 HCWs in primary health-care centers of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, KSA. The participants were invited after their consent to fill a predesigned closed-ended Arabic-based questionnaire before and 3 months after exposure to a structured health education program.

Result: The level of satisfactory knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice of studied HCWs significantly improved after exposure to the program, as it increased from 43.3%, 45%, and 57.4% before intervention to 67.9%, 63.8%, and 64.8% after intervention, respectively (P < 0.001). Older age, previous training, and experience were positively correlated with higher scores of knowledge.

Conclusion: The study reflected the importance of health education as a cornerstone element in improving KAP toward MERS-CoV infection in preventing the virus spread and disease outbreak.

Key words: MERS-CoV, prevalence, outbreak, knowledge, attitude and practice, health-care workers


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mohammad Alkot
Articles by Mohammed Asad Albouq
Articles by Mahmoud Adel Shakuri
Articles by Mohanna Saleh Subahi
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Zaki AM, van Boheemen S, Bestebroer TM, Osterhaus AD, Fouchier RA. Isolation of a novel coronavirus from a man with pneumonia in Saudi Arabia. New Engl J Med 2012;367(19): 1814-20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Abdel-Moneim AS. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): evidence and speculations. Arch Virol 2014;159(7):1575-84. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. Annan A, Baldwin HJ, Corman VM, Klose SM, Owusu M, Nkrumah EE, et al. Human betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012-related viruses in bats, Ghana and Europe. Emerg Infect Dis 2013;19(3):456-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Ithete NL, Stoffberg S, Corman VM, Cottontail VM, Richards LR, Schoeman MC, et al. Close relative of human Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in bat, South Africa. Emerg Infect Dis 2013;19(10):1697. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
5. Memish ZA, Mishra N, Olival KJ, Fagbo SF, Kapoor V, Epstein JH, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia. Emerg Infect Dis 2013;19(11):1819-23. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
6. Azhar EI, El-Kafrawy SA, Farraj SA, Hassan AM, Al-Saeed MS, Hashem AM, et al. Evidence for camel-to-human transmission of MERS coronavirus. New Engl J Med 2014;370(26):2499-505. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. WHO. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERSCoV) Summary and Literature Update. November 2013. pp. 1-5. Available at: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/coronavirus_infections/update_20130813/en/ (last accessed on August 13, 2013).
8. Butler D. Receptor for new coronavirus found. Nature 2013;495(7440):149-50. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Chan-Yeung M, Xu RH. SARS: epidemiology. Respirology 2003;8 Suppl:S9-14. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Assiri A, Al-Tawfiq JA, Al-Rabeeah AA, Al-Rabiah FA, Al-Hajjar S, Al-Barrak A, et al. Epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics of 47 cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus disease from Saudi Arabia: a descriptive study. Lancet Infect Dis 2013;13(9):752-61. [DOI via Crossref]   
11. Assiri A, McGeer A, Perl TM, Price CS, Al Rabeeah AA, Cummings DA, et al. Hospital outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. N Engl J Med 2013;369(5):407-16. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
12. Khan MU, Shah S, Ahmad A, Fatokun O. Knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers about Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in multispecialty hospitals of Qassim, Saudi Arabia. BMC Public Health 2014;14:1281. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
13. Almutairi KM, Al Helih EM, Moussa M, Boshaiqah AE, Saleh Alajilan A, Vinluan JM, et al. Awareness, attitudes, and practices related to coronavirus pandemic among public in Saudi Arabia. Fam Community Health 2015;38(4):332-40. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Gautret P, Benkouiten S, Salaheddine I, Belhouchat K, Drali T, Parola P, et al. Hajj pilgrims knowledge about Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, August to September 2013. Euro Surveill 2013;18(41):20604. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Chughtai AA, Seale H, Dung TC, Maher L, Nga PT, MacIntyre CR. Current practices and barriers to the use of facemasks and respirators among hospital-based health care workers in Vietnam. Am J Infect Control 2015;43(1):72-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Uwakwe CB. Systematized HIV/AIDS education for student nurses at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria: impact on knowledge, attitudes and compliance with universal precautions. J Adv Nurs 2000;32(2):416-24. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Singh K, Bhat N, Chaudhary H, Asawa K, Sharda A, Agrawal A. Knowledge, attitude, behavioural response and use of preventive measures regarding pandemic H1N1 influenza outbreak among dental students in Udaipur city, India. Oral Health Prev Dent 2012;10(4):339-44. [Pubmed]   
18. Evirgen O, Savas N, Koksaldi Motor V, Onlen Y, Yengil E. An evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of employees of a university hospital in an H1N1 influenza pandemic. J Infect Dev Ctries 2014;8(5):561-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

Assessment of general awareness among Pakistani students regarding COVID-19 outbreak
Children and Youth Services Review 2021; 121(): 105830.

1
 
Knowledge and Practice Toward Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Among Healthcare Workers at Delghi Primary Hospital During a Massive Test Campaign in Northwest Gondar, Ethiopia: Institution-Based Descriptive Cross-Sectional Survey
IDR 2021; Volume 14(): 381.

2
 
Development and validation of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for prevention of respiratory tract infections among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims
BMC Public Health 2020; 20(1): .

3
 
Palestinian Health Care Workers’ Stress and Stressors During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study
J Prim Care Community Health 2020; 11(): 215013272095502.

4
 
THE RISKS THAT NURSES MEET IN THE GLOBAL COVID 19 EPIDEMIC, THE IMPORTANCE OF PROTECTION
2020; (): .

5
 
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices against the growing threat of COVID-19 among medical students of Pakistan
PLoS ONE 2020; 15(12): e0243696.

6
 
COVID-19: a National Survey on perceived level of knowledge, attitude and practice among frontline healthcare Workers in Nepal
BMC Public Health 2020; 20(1): .

7
 
An analytical study on the awareness, attitude and practice during the COVID-19 pandemic in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Journal of Infection and Public Health 2020; 13(10): 1446.

8
 
The perceived effectiveness of MERS-CoV educational programs and knowledge transfer among primary healthcare workers: a cross-sectional survey
BMC Infect Dis 2019; 19(1): .

9
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345


Web Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=216275 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited October 01, 2021]; 5(5): 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



Harvard Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi (2016) Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (5), 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



Turabian Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. 2016. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (5), 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



Chicago Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.5 (2016), 952-959. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammad Alkot, Mohammed Asad Albouq, Mahmoud Adel Shakuri, Mohanna Saleh Subahi (2016) Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward MERS-CoV among primary health-care workers in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: an intervention study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (5), 952-959. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.24012016345





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 57 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 22 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 20 times [Click to see citing articles]