E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa.

Abstract
Background: Caregiving is extremely stressful task. Thus, Caregivers are sometimes at greater health risk than the care receivers, tend to develop negative health behaviors, and suffer from physical and psychological disorders.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess depression, anxiety, and stress among elderly caregivers in Alexandria and to compare psychological impact on formal against informal elderly caregivers.

Materials and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 276 formal caregivers working at 12 elders’ care institutions and 183 randomly selected informal elderly caregivers in Alexandria governorate, Egypt. An interview anonymous questionnaire was utilized to collect data from caregivers about personal characteristics, occupational history, and psychological condition using Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) to detect depression, anxiety, and stress among them.

Results: The results revealed that higher percentage of the studied formal caregivers experienced depression (45.7%) and anxiety (46.7%) as compared to the informal group (33.9% for both). Meanwhile, the majority of the informal caregivers (75.4%) suffered from stress compared to 48.9% of the formal caregivers, (P < 0.0001). Totally, the informal group experienced higher levels of psychological burden (P = 0.029). Receiving unsatisfactory income and serving elders suffering from Alzheimer and/or dementia were the predictors for a higher DASS score among formal caregivers. Meanwhile, the predictors among the informal caregivers were being a female of younger age and caring for a higher number of elders.

Conclusion: The study revealed that caregiving has a negative psychological impact on both formal and informal caregivers with statistically significantly higher level on informal ones.

Key words: Caregivers; Elders; Psychological Impact; Depression Anxiety Stress Scale; Egypt


 
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Pubmed Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(7): 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018


Web Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=295846 [Access: November 17, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(7): 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited November 17, 2018]; 7(7): 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



Harvard Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa (2018) Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (7), 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



Turabian Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. 2018. Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (7), 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



Chicago Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. "Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa. "Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.7 (2018), 570-579. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Noha Shawky Ali Moustafa, Mona Shawki Ali Moustafa (2018) Depression, anxiety, and stress among some elderly caregivers in Alexandria city, Egypt. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (7), 570-579. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0410315042018





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