E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries

Aakanksha Gupta, Jaishree Murli Manoher.

Abstract
Background: Perforating ocular injuries in particular carry a high risk of visual morbidity in all age groups. Risk factors associated with ocular trauma include gender, age, occupation, and lower socioeconomic status. Eye injuries are causing a major concern to the general ophthalmologists both in the developed and developing countries.

Objective: The objective of this article is to study the profile of penetrating ocular injuries before and during the period of lockdown.

Materials and Methods: A study was done to make a comparative analysis of the penetrating ocular injuries occurring during the period of lockdown of 3 months (April 1, 2020–June 30, 2020) and 3 months (January 1, 2020–March 31, 2020) before lockdown.

Results: The study included 33 patients hospitalized before lockdown and 45 hospitalizations during the lockdown in all age groups. Injuries were more common in males. The injuries reported in the age group of 0–15 years before lockdown were 36.36% while during lockdown 60% injuries were observed. Modes of injuries reported before lockdown were indoor injuries (36.36%) and road traffic accidents (36.36%) while during lockdown, the major mode of injuries were indoor injuries (76.6%) whereas the road traffic accidents (10.0%) declined.

Conclusion: During the lockdown, indoor injuries were more common in comparison to the outdoor injuries such as road traffic accidents, the latter being more prevalent before lockdown. During lockdown, increase in the indoor leisure activities of children led to a rise in the cases of eye injuries and an increase of almost double the number was observed. In addition to this, immobilization led to a decrease in the injuries due to road traffic accidents. The coronavirus disease-19 lockdown did have an impact on the profile of penetrating ocular injuries.

Key words: Coronavirus Disease-19; Penetrating Ocular Injury; Lockdown Period


 
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Pubmed Style

Gupta A, Manoher JM. The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021


Web Style

Gupta A, Manoher JM. The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=92625 [Access: October 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gupta A, Manoher JM. The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gupta A, Manoher JM. The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



Harvard Style

Gupta, A. & Manoher, . J. M. (2021) The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



Turabian Style

Gupta, Aakanksha, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. 2021. The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



Chicago Style

Gupta, Aakanksha, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. "The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gupta, Aakanksha, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. "The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gupta, A. & Manoher, . J. M. (2021) The effect of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on the incidence and profile of penetrating ocular injuries. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07066202118072021





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