E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing.

Abstract
Background: A high level of awareness on tuberculosis (TB) is crucial for the success of the prevention and treatment among the high risk populations. Having a good perception about the treatment of TB may increase the acceptance of the control measures in decreasing the spread of the disease.

Aims & Objective: To develop and validate a Questionnaire about the knowledge of the causes, mode of transmission, the prevention of TB and the perception of TB treatment among TB patients in Malaysia.

Materials and Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted among TB patients attended the Respiratory Clinic at the Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kelantan, Malaysia. This study used a self-administrated questionnaire that takes approximately 10 minutes to complete and was generally well received by the respondent’s. The validation involved content validity, exploratory factor analysis for the construct validity and internal consistency for reliability.

Results: A total of seventy TB patients comprising of 39 males (55.7%) and 31 females (44.3%) responded. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy (KMO) was (0.827 and 0.723) and Bartlett's test of Sphericity was highly significant (P<0.001). The exploratory factor analysis was used with the extraction method of the principal component and the varimax rotation with normalization. The factor analysis showed six factors within the 28 items which were associated with TB knowledge, the cause and prevention, the mode of transmission and the perception of TB treatment. The internal consistency was [0.893, 0.552, 0.701 and 0.729] for the four factors of TB knowledge and [0.889 and, 0.697] 2 factors for the perception of TB treatment respectively.

Conclusion: The questionnaire on TB knowledge, on the causes, the mode of transmission, and the prevention of TB and the perception of TB treatment was valid and reliable with good items that enables its use for assessing TB knowledge among TB patients and the community.

Key words: Validity, Reliability, Questionnaire, TB knowledge, Malaysia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141


Web Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=48363 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2014), [cited August 24, 2019]; 3(3): 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



Harvard Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing (2014) Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 3 (3), 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



Turabian Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. 2014. Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (3), 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



Chicago Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. "Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3 (2014), 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing. "Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3.3 (2014), 352-357. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Wan-Arfah Nadiah, Zilfalil BA, Nyi Nyi Naing (2014) Development and validation of a questionnaire on the knowledge of tuberculosis and the perception of tuberculosis treatment among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (3), 352-357. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2014.110120141





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