E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Both rural and urban areas in India are currently experiencing a great spurt in lifestyle diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. The shift in epidemiology from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases indicates that the rural population is also at a high-risk for developing diabetes mellitus.

Aims & Objective: The overall objective of present study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, Haryana state.

Material and Methods: The study was planned to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in various age groups by analysing the hospital record based data. Blood for glucose estimation was collected in a fluoride vacutainer and glucose was estimated by kit based GOD –POD method. Fasting plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl and or 2 hour postprandial glucose ≥ 200 mg/dl were taken as the diagnostic criteria for diagnosis.

Results: Gender specific prevalence for diabetes was 19.36% and 16.98% for male and female respectively. Maximum prevalence of diabetes 41.96% was found in the age group of 46-60 yrs. In this age group Mean fasting plasma glucose among males was 149.36 ± 19.51 and among female it was 147.43 ± 18.19. Mean 2 hour postprandial plasma glucose was 259.94 ± 51.36 & 259.65 ± 51.39 in male and female respectively.

Conclusion: Rural population remains exposed to high level of blood sugar for long time due to lack of screening facility of diabetes at PHC level, and this increases the chance of developing various complication of diabetes mellitus.

Key words: Diabetes Mellitus; Screening; Blood Glucose; Rural Population


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131


Web Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=46870 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2014), [cited August 24, 2019]; 3(3): 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



Harvard Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair (2014) Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 3 (3), 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



Turabian Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. 2014. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (3), 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



Chicago Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. "Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3 (2014), 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair. "Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3.3 (2014), 261-264. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Himanshu Madaan, Poonam Agrawal, Renu Garg, Ashuma Sachdeva, Surajeet Kumar Partra, Rajesh Nair (2014) Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural population of district Sonepat, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (3), 261-264. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.101220131





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