E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru.

Cited by (4)

Abstract
Background: As the Worlds population is ageing, there is growing interest in various morbidity patterns among the elderly. Depression and depressive symptoms are common in elder people. Often depression is difficult to recognize.

Aims & Objective: The study aims to assess the prevalence of Depression among study population and its relationship with socio demographic factors, co-morbid illness and functional impairment.

Material and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was done in selected rural & urban field practice areas of Department of SPM by means of simple random sampling. 17,415 populations were screened from 3383 households in both rural and urban areas to identify 1200 elderly aged 60 and above were administered with pretested questionnaire incorporating geriatric depression scale for assessing Depression.

Results: The prevalence of Depression among study population was 31.7% (317/1000). The prevalence was high in rural areas (36%), as compared to urban areas (27%) and increasing with increasing age. It was significantly high among females (37.5%), singles (46%), staying alone (65%), low socio-economic group (34%), those with stressful life events (71%). The most common illnesses among the study population with depression were osteoarthritis (43.9%) cataract (25.2%), hypertension (17.6%), diabetes (7.6%) and heart diseases (3.9%). It was observed that functional impairment was high among those who have depression (6.5%).

Conclusion: Depression is relatively high in rural area, females, illiterates, singles and sufferers of stressful life events or chronic diseases. There is a significant functional impairment with presence of Depression.

Key words: Geriatric; Depression; socio-demographic factors; co-morbid illness; functional impairment.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133


Web Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=33748 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited August 24, 2019]; 2(3): 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



Harvard Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru (2013) Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (3), 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



Turabian Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. 2013. Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (3), 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



Chicago Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. "Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru. "Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.3 (2013), 695-702. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manju Sundru, Krishnababu Goru (2013) Epidemiological study of depression among population above 60 years in Visakhapatnam, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (3), 695-702. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.030520133





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