E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Background: Cough and common cold are one of the commonest morbidities in the community. Cough and cold medicines are abound in Indian market despite the fact that majority of them lack scientific evidence of their use in this common condition.

Aims & Objective: To analyze the prescribing pattern of ‘cough and cold’ medicines in Central Gujarat.

Material and Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, questionnaire- based study was carried out to assess the prescribing pattern of doctors with regard to cough and cold. A total of 100 prescribers with a graduate degree (n=50) or a post-graduate degree (n=50) from Central Gujarat were selected randomly. After interviewing all doctors, data were analyzed to find the percentage of patients prescribed ‘cough & cold medicines’, their types of dosage form, use of FDCs, indications, any adverse events encountered and non-pharmacological measures advocated.

Results: Prescribing FDCs for cough and cold was significantly higher (92% vs 72%, P<0.05) in post graduate prescribers attached to private hospitals than in graduate prescribers attached to government/teaching hospitals. Usage of solid dosage forms was significantly higher (p<0.05) in prescribers attached to government or teaching hospitals as compared to prescribers attached to private hospitals (84% vs 60%). About 18% of graduate and 25% of post graduate prescribers gave cough and cold medicines at patients’ behest. Only 15% prescribers prescribed cough and cold medicines for dry cough while antihistamines were advocated by 96% of prescribers. About 50% of the physicians prescribed these medicines for conditions like upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Non pharmacological measures were recommended by 75% prescribers.

Conclusion: Efforts are needed to create awareness amongst prescribers about the rational use of cough & cold medicines and also pay attention to ADR caused by them. Reforms in medical education and CME are recommended.

Key words: Cough and cold medicines, Prescribing practice, Rational use of cough and cold medicines, Evidence based medicine


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195


Web Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=29639 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited August 24, 2019]; 2(2): 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



Harvard Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai (2013) Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (2), 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



Turabian Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. 2013. Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (2), 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



Chicago Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. "Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai. "Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.2 (2013), 196-203. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sumit Patel, Parth Desai, Rima B Shah, Sagun V Desai (2013) Prescribing pattern of cough and cold medicines in central Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (2), 196-203. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.188-195





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