E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode.

Abstract
Background: According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3, the prevalence of modern methods of contraceptive use is 48.5% and by all methods 56%, which is still below the expected rate of 60% to have a stable population.

Objective: To find the prevalence of contraceptive use and the reasons for not using contraceptives among the slum population.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Mangalwar Peth slum area of Pune city, Maharashtra, India, with a sample of 400 married women aged between 15 and 45 years assuming a prevalence of 50%. Information was collected on a comprehensive, pretested, and semistructured pro forma by interviewing the study subjects. Percentages were calculated, and statistical analysis was done by X2-test.

Result: The prevalence of contraception use among the couples was 69.5%. Among the 122 nonusers of contraception, the reasons for not using were: unwilling, 29 (23.77%) couples; recently married, 28 (22.95%) couples; lactation, 12 (9.8%) couples; and lack of knowledge, 7 (5.735%) couples.

Conclusion: The prevalence of contraception use was higher than the findings of NFHS-3 among the slum dwellers. The common reasons for the nonuse of contraception methods were ignorance, recently married, lactation, and lack of knowledge.

Key words: Contraceptives prevalence, knowledge, slums, NFHS 3


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Chandrashekhar S Taklikar
Articles by Sudhakar More
Articles by Vikas Kshirsagar
Articles by Vikas Gode
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2531
Downloaded: 536
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. Bhasin SK, Pant M, Metha M, Kumar S. Prevalence of usage of different contraceptive methods in East Delhi-a cross sectional study. Indian J Community Med 2005;30(2):53-6.
2. Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 15th edn. Jabalpur, India: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot, 1997. pp. 311-41.
3. Robey B, Ross J, Bhushan I. Meeting unmet need: new strategies. Popul Rep J 1996;43:1-35. [Pubmed]   
4. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National Population Policy, 2000. New Delhi: Department of Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2000.
5. International Institute for Population Sciences. National Family Health Survey-3 India. ORC New Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences, 2007.
6. Balaiah D, Hazari K, Baji S. Contraceptive use differentials in two slum population of greater Bombay. J Family Welfare 1995;41(3):27-32.
7. Khokhar A, Mehra M. Contraceptive use in women from a resettlement area in Delhi. Indian J Community Med 2005;30(1): 21-3.
8. Ingle GK, Kumar A, Singh S, Gulati N. Reason for non-acceptance of contraceptive methods among Jhuggi-Jhompri dwellers of Delhi. Indian J Prev Soc Med 1999;30(1):32-7.
9. Aggarwal H, Vaid S, Vaid N. Comparison of the level of awareness of family planning measures in the urban and urban-slum women. Anthropologist 2005;7(1):35-40.
10. Singh P, Kumar P, Goel U, Yadav RJ, Agrawal A. Adoption of family planning practices and associated factors in Paharganj area of Delhi. J Fam Welfare 1990;36(2):36-42.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120


Web Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=27553 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited August 24, 2019]; 4(12): 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



Harvard Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode (2015) Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (12), 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



Turabian Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. 2015. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



Chicago Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. "Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode. "Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.12 (2015), 1772-1777. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chandrashekhar S Taklikar, Sudhakar More, Vikas Kshirsagar, Vikas Gode (2015) Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1772-1777. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102012120





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 25 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]