E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Stethoscopes are an essential tool for physicians, but can be a source of hospital infections.

Aims & Objective: The objective was to isolate staphylococci strains from the diaphragms and earpieces of the stethoscopes as well as to characterize their antibiotic resistance.

Material and Methods: Forty five stethoscopes from different clinical doctors were sampled in a tertiary hospital. The swab method was used and the swabs were immediately inoculated on blood agar and manitol salt agar. The bacterial identification and the antibiotic resistance were performed according to the CLSI with automated commercial system.

Results: Pathogenic or potential pathogenic Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) were isolated on physician’s stethoscopes. CoNS were isolated in 87.6% of the stethoscopes. S.epidermidis was the predominant isolate species of CoNS (39.4%) followed by S.hominis (19.7%), S.auricularis (9.8%), S. haemolyticus (8.4%), S.warneri (7%), S. cohnii (5.6%), S. lugdunensis (4.2%), S. capitis (4.2%), S.hyicus (1.4%). The isolated CoNS have high resistance rate in penicillin (74.6%), antibiotic macrolidess (60.5%), clindamycin (39.4%), oxacillin (30.9%) and gentamycin (22.4%). The co-resistance of S.epidermidis for methicillin-gentamicin was 59.2%. Multi-resistant strains of CoNS were 16.9% and belong to the species of S.epidermidis, S.hominis and S.haemolyticus.

Conclusion: The study demonstrates the contamination of the stethoscopes with different species of CoNS which showed high antibiotic resistance and possess the potential risk of causing hospital infections. As severe hospital infections, especially in population at risk caused by different species of CoNS, are increasing; their characterization at the species level as well as their resistance pattern in patients and medical devices is strongly suggested.

Key words: Antibiotic resistance, Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS), Contamination, Hospital infections, Stethoscopes.


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Bacterial contamination and stethoscope disinfection practices: a cross-sectional survey of healthcare workers in Karachi, Pakistan
Tropical Doctor 2017; (): 004947551668654.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343


Web Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=26179 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited August 24, 2019]; 2(2): 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



Harvard Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis (2013) Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (2), 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



Turabian Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. 2013. Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (2), 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



Chicago Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. "Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis. "Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.2 (2013), 324-329. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Foteini Leontsini, Aris Papapetropoulos, Apostolos Vantarakis (2013) Stethoscopes as vectors of multi-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in a tertiary hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (2), 324-329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.338-343





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