IJMSPH

International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

« Previous Article
Next Article »

Open Access

Original Research



Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.

L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder.

Abstract
Background: HIV, the disease, whose mode of transmission is known and is largely preventable, but due to lack of knowledge and practices about HIV/AIDS in general population causes its rapid spread. So, in this study we plan to assess and compare the knowledge, attitude and practices about HIV in patients group, care giver and in general population

Material and Method : A total of 102 HIV/AIDS patients , 60 care givers(35 attendent ,19 nurses, 6 doctors) and 40 general population (control) were included in the present study. The patients who were registered for study were followed up for three visits. The responses were recorded on a pre-designed and pre-tested, semi- structured questionnaire.

Results : Illiteracy was more common in HIV patient group (27.5%) . A high proportion of HIV/AIDS cases were engaged in transport/ production industry (24.5%) . Electronic media and print media are major source of information . 35.3% patients, 22.9% care givers and 47.5% general population group thought that with medication HIV is curable. Sexual contact (63.8%) was the commonest mode of transmission . 80.0% medical staff thought that a newly diagnosed HIV person, first to talk with doctor. After 6 month follow up: 82% patients write sexual contact as major mode of transmission, and Use of condom was most important preventive measure (68%) .

Conclusion : Understanding the KAP about HIV/AIDS of Patients, care givers and in general populations will help us in formulating strategy for prevention, treatment .

Keywords :KAP, HIV, Care givers, Medical staff

Key words: KAP, HIV, Care givers, Medical staff


ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by L P Meena
Articles by S K Pandey
Articles by M Rai
Articles by Anju Bharti
Articles by Shyam Sunder
on IndexScholar Fulltext
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2943
Downloaded: 765
(Last 7 Days: 10)
Cited: 0
Emailed: 1

REFERENCES
1. UNAIDS (2010)' UNAIDS reort on the global AIDS epidemic.

2. Negash Y, Gebre B, Benti D, Bejiga M. A community based study on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HIV/AIDS in Gambella town, Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development .2003; Vol 17, No 3.

3. Mishra R. STDs and HIV / AIDS: a KAP study among drug operators. Health Millions. 1998 Sep-Oct;24(5):11-3.

[
Pubmed]   

4. Kuruvila M, Venugopalan PP, Sridhar KS, Kumar. KAP study on HIV / AIDS among first year MBBS students. Indian Journal of Dermatology, venereology and leprology. Y : 1997, Volume 63; 4; 225-228 .

5. Weiser SD, Heisler M, Leiter K, Percy-de Korte F, Tlou S, et al. Routine HIV Testing in Botswana: A Population-Based Study on Attitudes, Practices, and Human Rights Concerns. PLoS Med 2006;3(7): e261. [DOI via Crossref]   
[DOI via Crossref]   

6. Zaheer MS, Rabbani MU et al. Clinical AND demographic profile of patients of AIDS in and around Aligarh. J. IndAcadClin Med 2003;4(2) : 121-126.

7. Singh S, Fukuda H, Ingle GK, Tatara K. Knowledge, attitude the perceived risks of infection and the source of information about HIV/AIDS among pregnant women in an urban population of Delhi. J. Common Dis 2002;34(1): 23-33.

[
Pubmed]   

8. Brahme RG, Sahay S, Malhotra-kohli R, Divekar AD, Gangakhedkar RR, Paranjape RS. High-risk behaviour in young men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Pune, India. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV 2005; Volume 17, Issue 3.

9. Kothari K, Goyal S. Clinical profile of AIDS. J Assoc Physicians India 2001; 49:435-438.

[
Pubmed]   

10. National Family Health Survey,India. 1998-1999.

11. Behavior Surveillance Survey Reports (BSS2001),India.

12. Chatterjee C et al. A study on awarness of AIDS among school students and teachers of higher secondary schools in north Calcutta. Indian journal of public health, 2001, 45(1):2730.

[
Pubmed]   

13. Ganguli SK, Rekha PP, Gupta N, Charan UA. AIDS awareness among undergraduate's students in Maharastra. Ind J Pub Health 2002; 46(1): 8-12.

14. Bhalwar R, Jayaram J. Community based study of AIDS awareness and attitudes among school and college going Teenagers from rural back ground. MJAFI 2003; 59:7-11.

15. Kumar A., Lal P., Ingle G.K. &Gulati N. (1999) AIDS-related apprehensions among nursing students of Delhi. Journal of Communicable Diseases. 1999; 31(4), 217221.

[
Pubmed]   

16. Gupta K, Singh SK. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) Regional Population Conference on Southeast Asia's Population in a Changing Asian Context. Bangkok, Thailand: IUSSP; 2002. Social networking, knowledge of HIV/AIDS and risk-taking behaviour among migrant workers.

17. Sarkar S, Islam N, Durandin F. Low HIV and high STD among commercial sex workers in a brothel in Bangladesh:scope for prevention of larger epidemic.International Journal of STD & AIDS. 1998;9(1):4547.

[
DOI via Crossref]   

18. Meundi AD, Amma A, Rao A, Shetty S, Shetty AK. Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding HIV/AIDS in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka, India.JIAPAC 2008;7:127-134 .

19. McGrath JW, Andrah EM, Schumann DA . AIDS the Urban Family, its impact in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS care 1993; 5: 55-70.

[
DOI via Crossref]   
PMid:8461362

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Meena LP, Pandey SK, Rai M, Bharti A, Sunder S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



Web Style

Meena LP, Pandey SK, Rai M, Bharti A, Sunder S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. www.scopemed.org/?mno=25502 [Access: July 27, 2014]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Meena LP, Pandey SK, Rai M, Bharti A, Sunder S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Meena LP, Pandey SK, Rai M, Bharti A, Sunder S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited July 27, 2014]; 2(1): 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



Harvard Style

Meena, L. P., Pandey, S. K., Rai, M., Bharti, A. & Sunder, S. (2013) Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (1), 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



Turabian Style

Meena, L P, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, and Shyam Sunder. 2013. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



Chicago Style

Meena, L P, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, and Shyam Sunder. "Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Meena, L P, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, and Shyam Sunder. "Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.1 (2013), 36-42. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Meena, L. P., Pandey, S. K., Rai, M., Bharti, A. & Sunder, S. (2013) Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 36-42. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42




The articles in this Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.