E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: The inactive X-chromosome in neutrophils appears in one of the three forms. They are drumsticks, racquet forms, and sessile nodules.

Objective: A correlative study based on the presence of “drumstick and other nuclear appendages” in polymorphonuclear neutrophils to determine the morphological sex.

Materials and Methods: Sixty-eight randomly selected blood smears (34 males and 34 females) were stained with Leishman’s stain. One hundred well-stained neutrophils were double-blindly studied in the tail-end of the smears and classified into four groups based on Kosenow’s formula as drumstick (Form A), sessile nodule (Form B), and other pedunculated nuclear projections such as tag and hooks (Form C).

Results: Significant correlation of neutrophilic nuclear appendage of Form A (P = 0.00001) and Form C (P = 0.00016) was obtained for females and males, respectively. Difference of A-C gives a positive value in females and a negative value in males.

Conclusion: Neutrophilic nuclear appendages which include true drumsticks, sessile nodules, and racket structures form a useful tool for morphological sex differentiation.

Key words: Neutrophils; Drumstick; Sessile Nodule; Morphological Sex; Non-specific Appendages


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Sex Chromatin in Peripheral Blood Neutrophils and Sex Determination
CRCM 2018; 07(01): 55.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016


Web Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=252591 [Access: February 16, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited February 16, 2020]; 6(4): 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



Harvard Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan (2017) Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (4), 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



Turabian Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. 2017. Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



Chicago Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. "Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan. "Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.4 (2017), 783-785. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rashmi Verma, Manjula Adinarayan (2017) Reliability of neutrophilic nuclear appendages in morphological sex differentiation. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 783-785. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1268120122016





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