E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey.

Abstract
Background: Anemia is widely prevalent in general and also in prospective blood donors with varying rates of prevalence at different places resulting in substantial loss in the blood donor pool.

Objective: This study was conducted to observe the prevalence of anemia and its associated demographic risk factors in apparently healthy individuals registered as blood donors.

Materials and Methods: Blood donor records from August 2015 to July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively at the blood bank of Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh to observe the prevalence of anemia and its associated demographic risk factors in the prospective blood donors for which Pearson’s Chi-squared test was applied, and odds ratio (OR) was calculated using Microsoft Excel 2007 and statistical software - VassarStats. P < 0.05 at 95% significance level was considered statistically significant.

Results: Among 6273 blood donors registered, prevalence of anemia was 25.75% overall, 25.31% in males and 38.03% in females (χ2 = 17.4, OR = 0.532), 27.56% in rural and 22.50% in urban donors (χ2 = 19.33, OR = 1.311), 27.11% in donors below senior secondary, and 22.93% in donors above senior secondary education level (χ2 = 12.65, OR = 1.251). Males <30 years had significantly less chance of anemia than males above 30 years (χ2 = 4.27, OR = 0.884). Results were statistically significant at 95% significance level. In Hindu and Non-Hindu donors, prevalence was 25.81% and 24.88%, respectively. In replacement, family replacement and voluntary donors the prevalence rate was 25.14%, 27.03% and 24.39%, respectively. No statistically significant association for anemia with respect to religion and donor category was found.

Conclusion: Anemia in healthy prospective blood donor population requires urgent attention for its prevention and control for retention of the blood donor pool.

Key words: Anemia in Blood Donors; Prospective Blood Donors; Blood Donor Pool; Anemia Prevalence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016


Web Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=252472 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited August 24, 2019]; 6(4): 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



Harvard Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey (2017) Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (4), 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



Turabian Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. 2017. Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



Chicago Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. "Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey. "Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.4 (2017), 792-797. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey (2017) Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 792-797. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267918122016





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