E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C.

Abstract
Background: Tobacco is commonly smoked or chewed or inhaled. Smoking is a leading cause of many non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as well as has significant adverse effects on pregnancy. About 1.3 billion people worldwide smoke, and the number of smokers continues to rise. More than 40% of the world’s smokers live in just two countries, i.e. China and India. India only has around 10% of world’s smokers.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of use of different forms of tobacco in urban population of Shimoga.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban Shimoga study was conducted during February 1, 2016, to July 30, 2016, for 6 months. Data were collected from household members aged 15-64 years. The calculated sample size was 2000. Participants were interviewed using a pre-structured and pre-tested questionnaire adapted from the WHO Steps I and II, approaches for NCDs risk factors surveillance, after modifying to suit the local requirements (questions about tobacco use were considered for the study).

Results: The prevalence of current smoking in the free-living population of urban city was 15.3%; among them, almost all subjects were daily smokers (prevalence - 15.2%). The prevalence of daily smoking habit was 30.1% among male users. The study revealed that 17.7% of the subjects were current oral tobacco users, while a few were former chewers (0.4%).

Conclusion: This community based study demonstrated high prevalence of tobacco use among productive population of urban Shimoga.

Key words: Smoking; Tobacco Use; Non-communicable Diseases; Risk Factors


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016


Web Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=246913 [Access: July 17, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited July 17, 2019]; 6(4): 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



Harvard Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C (2017) An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (4), 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



Turabian Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. 2017. An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



Chicago Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. "An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C. "An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.4 (2017), 691-694. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C (2017) An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 691-694. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1060516112016





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