E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof.

Abstract
Background: Self prescribing is usually defined as “medication that is taken on the patient’s own initiative or on the advice of a pharmacist or lay person.” In developing countries like India, private pharmacies are the predominant drug dispensers and “prescription only” drugs are available for sale in official pharmacies without a prescription. Modern medicament though of prime importance to humanity is potentially hazardous when administered indiscriminately in the form of “self-medication.”

Objectives: To study the prevalence and pattern of self-medication among urban adults.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 424 adults aged 18 years and above residing in registered field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre. The sample was drawn using systematic random sampling with probability proportionate to size. The interview was taken using predesigned and pre-tested questionnaire. Out of 424, 395 adults responded to the questionnaire. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Tests of proportion were used.

Results: The prevalence of self-medication was found to be 83%. Pain was the most common symptom for self-medication. The source of drugs was mainly medical store. Lack of time, mild illnesses were the most common reason for not seeking medical advice. The majority of them were unaware of the adverse effects related to self-medication.

Conclusion: Higher prevalence, as well as low awareness of side effects of self-medication, was seen. Awareness regarding the adverse consequence related to self-medication should be raised to lower the prevalence of self-medication.

Key words: Self-medication; Urban; Aligarh


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016


Web Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=240722 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(4): 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited August 24, 2019]; 6(4): 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



Harvard Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof (2017) An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (4), 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



Turabian Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. 2017. An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



Chicago Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. "An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof. "An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.4 (2017), 680-683. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Anees Ahmad, Mohd Tabish Khan, Najam Khalique, Mohd Athar Ansari, Mohd Maroof (2017) An epidemiological study of self-medication among urban adults of Aligarh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (4), 680-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0852018112016





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