E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Background: Worldwide dog bites are becoming a significant public health problem and the annual frequency of dog bite injuries in children is estimated to be 22 per 1000 children of which less than half of them are reported in medical facilities.

Objective: To study the period prevalence of dog bites in children, its risk factors and treatment seeking behavior.

Materials and Methods: The present cross sectional study was conducted in field practicing areas of rural health centre covering 4150 households in 34 villages involving 5841 children. Data was collected by trained medical interns and social workers. Collected data was entered and analyzed using EPI_INFO software (3.5.3).

Result: The period prevalence of dog bites episodes in last one year is 17.9 per 1000 children. Most of bites happened in male children (51.5%), less than 10 years of age (56%), and children below poverty line (80%). Almost 78% of bites are unprovoked and the most common place of bites is in and around the house (70%). The most common site of bite is lower limb (53.6%) followed by upper limb (27.6%). The most common treatment source for bites is primary health centre followed by traditional faith healers. Almost 67% of wounds belonging to class 3 wounds but only 4% of dog bite victims received immunoglobulins.

Conclusion: Period prevalence of dog bites is high and it is common in children belonging to poor socioeconomic conditions. In a country with very high population of unvaccinated dogs, health education program focusing on prevention of dog bites, correct methods of local wound treatment, vaccine, and rabies immunoglobulin’s are needed.

Key words: Children, dog bites, anti rabies vaccine


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Children are victims of dog bites due to irresponsible dog ownership, parenthood, and managers of school institutions in Serbia
Journal of Veterinary Behavior 2019; 30(): 61.

1
 
Children are victims of dog bites due to irresponsible dog ownership, parenthood and managers of school institutions in Serbia
Journal of Veterinary Behavior 2018; (): .

2
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(1): 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568


Web Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=234101 [Access: July 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(1): 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited July 18, 2019]; 6(1): 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



Harvard Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy (2017) A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (1), 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



Turabian Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. 2017. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (1), 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



Chicago Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. "A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy. "A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.1 (2017), 109-112. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Murugan Venkatesan, Amol Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy (2017) A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (1), 109-112. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.28062016568





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