E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city

Samar L Aljohani.

Abstract
Background: Research on premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is generally lacking in the Gulf countries, a region with unique cultural features that might influence expectations and self-perception of the disease. Little, if any, is known about the knowledge and attitude among women in Tabuk toward PMS. The shortage of such data in the general female Saudi population, too, emphasizes this concept, and hence the need to research on it.

Objective: To study knowledge and attitude of women attending Primary Health Care Centers, Ministry of Health toward PMS, as well as to identify factors affecting them.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted consists of Saudi female aged 13–50 years attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid military hospital, Tabuk (nine clinics), throughout the period of study (October–November, 2014). Simple random sampling technique was adopted to select nine women every day to fill in the study questionnaire. Thus, approximately 25 working days were required to complete the field work. An Arabic self-administered questionnaire was used. It consisted of four sections. The first section is on the sociodemographic and reproductive characteristic of the participants. The second section covered the medical and reproductive history. The third section addressed PMS diagnostic criteria, as developed by the University of California at San Diego and the National Institute of Mental Health. The fourth section of the questionnaire involved their knowledge about PMS.

Results: The study included 225 females. Their age ranged between 13 and 45 years (mean 26.7 ± 7.2 years). Almost one-third of the participants (30.2%) reported family history of PMS. The prevalence rate of PMS among them was 56%. Only 8.9% of women recognized correctly that PMS is a gynecological disease while 30.2% recognized that it necessitates medical consultation. When women asked if they were PMS patients, what they will do, 21.3% of them answered that they will use medical treatment directly from pharmacy, 11.6% will consult physician, and 21.8% will use traditional therapy. Almost one-third of them (35.6%) responded that they will do nothing. Majority of participated women (89.3%) responded positively that they will benefit others in this regard.

Conclusion: PMS is a common problem in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, affecting more than half of women. The number of women who will seek medical advice or treatment for PMS if they were PMS patients is not very promising since the disorders of the menstrual cycle and its associated complications are considered as normal phenomenon in Saudi society.

Key words: Premenstrual syndrome; knowledge; attitude; Saudi Arabia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Samar L Aljohani
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1327
Downloaded: 360
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Module for Integrated Skill Development Training for Medical Officers PHC on Reproductive and Child Health. New Delhi, India: MOHFW, Government of India, 2003.
2. Zegeye DT, Megabiaw B, Mulu A. Age at menarche and the menstrual pattern of secondary school adolescents in northwest Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health 2009;9:29. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
3. Halbreich U. The diagnosis of premenstrual syndromes and premenstrual dysphoric disorder—clinical procedures and research perspectives. Gynecol Endocrinol 2004;19:320-34. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Chaturvedi SK, Chandra PS, Issac MK, Sudarshan CY, Beena MB, Sarmukkadam SB, et al. Premenstrual experiences: the four profiles and factorial patterns. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 1993;14:223-35. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. ACOG. ACOG practice bulletin: premenstrual syndrome. Int J Gynecol Obstet 2001;73:183-91. [DOI via Crossref]   
6. OÂ’Brien PM. The premenstrual syndrome. A review. J Reprod Med 1985;30:113-26.
7. Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Ughade S, Thakr AD. Urban-rural differences in menstrual problems and practices of girl students in Nagpur, India. Indian Pediatr 2012;49:733-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Waghachavare BV, Chavan VM, Dhumale GB. A study of menstrual problems among the female junior college students from rural area of Sangli district. Natl J Community Med 2013; 4(2):236-40.
9. Konapur KS, Nagaraj C. Dysmenorrhoea and premenstrual syndrome: frequency and effect on daily activities of adolescent girls in rural areas of Bangalore. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2014;3(10):1225-8. [DOI via Crossref]   
10. Dambhare DG, Wagh SV, Dudhe JY. Age at menarche and menstrual cycle pattern among school adolescent girls in central India. Glob J Health Sci 2012;4(1):105-11.
11. Lee JC, Yu BK, Byeon JH, Lee KH, Min JH, Park SH. A study on the menstruation of Korean adolescent girls in Seoul. Korean J Pediatr 2011;54(5):201-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
12. Wasnik VR, Dhumale D, Jawarkar AK. A study of the menstrual pattern and problems among rural school going adolescent girls of Amravati district of Maharashtra, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015 May;3(5):1252-1256
13. Delara M, Borzuei H, Montazeri A. Premenstrual disorders: prevalence and associated factors in a sample of Iranian adolescents. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2013;15(8):695-700. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
14. Rizk DE, Mosallam M, Alyan S, Nagelkerke N. Prevalence and impact of premenstrual syndrome in adolescent schoolgirls in the United Arab Emirates. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2006;85(5):589-98. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Samar L Aljohani. Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258


Web Style

Samar L Aljohani. Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=211741 [Access: October 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Samar L Aljohani. Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Samar L Aljohani. Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited October 16, 2018]; 5(4): 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



Harvard Style

Samar L Aljohani (2016) Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (4), 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



Turabian Style

Samar L Aljohani. 2016. Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



Chicago Style

Samar L Aljohani. "Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Samar L Aljohani. "Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.4 (2016), 773-776. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Samar L Aljohani (2016) Premenstrual syndrome knowledge and attitude among women attending family medicine clinics, King Khalid Military Hospital, Tabuk city. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 773-776. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30112015258





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The surgical approach in huge scrotal lymphedema
    Hiren Dahyabhai Parmar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 153-155
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.153-155
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]