E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Children are vulnerable to many skin diseases and more prone to infections, because of their socioeconomic, environmental, racial, ecological, habitual, mental, and literacy levels. Epidemiological studies in pediatric skin diseases are less, and it offers most powerful and direct method to evaluate the cause and prevalence of skin diseases in human populations.

Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology and prevalence of various dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Sangareddy, Medak, Telangana state, India.

Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study and was conducted in 1,000 schoolchildren of Sangareddy town and surrounding rural village of Medak district, Telangana state, India. Cases were subclassified according to the etiology and type of skin disease.

Results: Total number of affected children was 754 (75.4%), while the number of nonaffected children was 246 (24.6%); 345 (45.15%) of the diseased children were boys, while 409 (54.24%) were girls; 255 of diseased children (33.81%) were living in urban residence, of which 141 (55.1%) were boys and 114 (44.9%) girls; while 499 (66.18%) of the diseased children were from rural residence, of which 205 (40.98%) were boys and 294 (59.02%) girls.

Conclusion: This study reveals that girls are more commonly affected by dermatological diseases (41%) and skin diseases were more in rural (49%) children than in urban children (26.40%).

Key words: Skin diseases, epidemiology, prevalence


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Lakshmi Kumari Villa
Articles by Gopi Krishna
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 4248
Downloaded: 4365
Cited: 1


REFERENCES
1. Alam M, Dover J. On beauty, evolution, psychosocial considerations and surgical enhancement. Arch Dermatol 2001;137: 795-807. [Pubmed]   
2. Williams HC, Pembroke AC, Forsdyke H. Health Care Needs Assessment, Series II. Oxford: Radcliffe Medical Press, 1997. p. 261. [PMC Free Fulltext]   
3. Abdel-Hafez K, Abdel-Aty M, Hofny E. Prevalence of skin diseases in rural areas of Assiut Governorate, upper Egypt. Int J Dermatol 2003;42:887-92. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Greaves MW. Dermatology. Practitioner 1976;217:585-90. [Pubmed]   
5. Clore ER, Longyear LA. Comprehensive pediculosis screening programs for elementary schools. J Sch Health 1990;60:212-4. [DOI via Crossref]   
6. Harris M, Nako D, Hopkins T, Powell DM, Kenny C, Carroll C, et al. Skin infections in Tanna, Vanuatu in 1989. P N G Med J 1992;35:137-43. [Pubmed]   
7. Ebomoyi EW. Pediculosis capitis among urban school children in llorin, Nigeria. J Natl Med Assoc I994;86:861-4.
8. Wegner Z, Racewicz M, Stańczak J. Occurrence of pediculosis capitis in a population of children from Gdańsk, Sopot, Gdynia and the vicinities. Appl Parasitol 1994;35:219-25. [Pubmed]   
9. Kuruvilla M, Sridher KS, Kumar P, Rao G. Pattern of skin disease in Bantwal taliqua, Dakshina Kannada. IADVL 2000;66(5):247-8.
10. Mukherjee PK, Sen PC. Health status of school children in rural West Bengal. J Indian Med Assoc 1962;38:421-6. [Pubmed]   
11. Taplin D, Porcelain SL, Meinking TL. The Challenge of Epidemiology. Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization, 2000. p. 829.
12. Julian CG. Dermatology in general practice. Br J Dermatol 1999;141:518-20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Donaldson RJ, Donaldson LJ. Essential Public Health, 2nd edn. Newbury: Petroc Press, 2000.
14. Pasricha JS, Seetharam KA. A survey of skin disorders seen in pediatric general and dermatology clinics. Pediatr Dermatol 2006;1:219.
15. David A, Anatoli F, Robert P, Martin A, Eliot N. Dermatoepidemiology. J Am Acad Dermatol 2005;52:559-73. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Porter MJ. Problems and priorities for dermatology in developing countries. Int J Dermatol 1978;17(3):233-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Rao GS, Kumar P, Kuruvilla M. Prevalence of various dermatoses in school children. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1999;65(3):126-7. [Pubmed]   
18. Becheli LM, Haddad N, Pimenta WA, Pagnano PM, Melchior E Jr, Fregnan RC, et al. Epidermiological survey of skin diseases in schoolchildren living in the Purus Vally (Acre State, Amazonia, Brazil). Dermatologica 1981;163:78-93. [DOI via Crossref]   
19. Figueroa JI, Fuller LC, Abraha A, Hay RJ. The prevalence of skin disease among school children in rural Ethiopia—a preliminary assessment of dermatological needs. Pediatric Dermatol 1996;13:378-81. [DOI via Crossref]   
20. Inanir I, Sahin MT, Gündüz K, Dinç G, Türel A, Oztürkcan S. Prevalence of skin conditions in primary school children in Turkey: differences based on socioeconomic factors. Pediatr Dermatol 2002;19(4):307-11. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

ÇEVRESEL ETKENLER VE DERİ HASTALIKLARI
2019; 4(): 72.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238


Web Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=206693 [Access: December 13, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited December 13, 2019]; 5(7): 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



Harvard Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna (2016) Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



Turabian Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. 2016. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



Chicago Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. "Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna. "Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1475-1478. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna (2016) Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1475-1478. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 27 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Abdominal volume index and conicity index in predicting metabolic abnormalities in young women of different socioeconomic class
    Vikram Gowda, Kripa Mariyam Philip
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1452-1456
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015231
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]