E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P.

Abstract
Background: Dental caries is the most prevalent disease among children in the global scenario. The prevalence pattern of dental caries varies not only with age, sex, socioeconomic status, race, geographical location, food habits, and oral hygiene practices but also within the oral cavity.

Objective: The objectives of this research are to study the prevalence of dental caries and to study the factors associating dental caries among school children in urban field practice area.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in government and private schools of Maralur, the field practice area of Sri Siddhartha Medical College Tumkur, on children studying in preschool to 10th standard. The data were compiled in an Excel worksheet, SPSS version 16.0 was used to analyze the data.

Result: A total of 417 students participated in the study. In our study, the prevalence of dental caries was 32.9%. It was observed that highest dental caries prevalence was in the age group of 6–10 years, that is, 49.7%. Analysis showed very high significant difference in the prevalence of dental caries among different age groups (P < 0.001). The prevalence of dental caries among females was 34% and among males was 31.8%.

Conclusion: The high prevalence rate shows further follow-up and also awareness among teachers, parents, and students regarding dental caries and dental hygiene is needed. Awareness among students can be generated by the school teachers because they are the role model for the students.

Key words: Prevalence, dental caries, chocolate consumption, diet, mother’s education


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Rajesh SS
Articles by Venkatesh P
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3554
Downloaded: 593
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. Kumari RN. Prevalence of dental caries and risk assessment among primary school children of 6-12 years in Varkala municipal area of Kerala. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 1999;17(4): 135-42.
2. National Oral Health Policy. J Indian Dent Assoc 1986;58: 397-401.
3. Rao A, Sequeria SP, Peter S. Prevalence of dental caries among school children of Moodbidri. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 1999;17(2):45-8. [Pubmed]   
4. Dunning JM. Principles of Dental Public Health, 4th edn. United States: Harvard University Press, 1986. pp. 338-9.
5. World Health Organization. Oral Health Surveys—Basic Methods, 4th edn. Geneva: WHO, 1997.
6. Saravanan S, Madivanan I, Subashini B, Felix JW. Prevalence pattern of dental caries in the primary dentition among school children. Indian J Dent Res 2005;16(4):140-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Dhar V, Jain A, Van Dyke TE, Kohli A. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2007; 25(3):119-21. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. de Almeida CM, Petersen PE, AndrĂ© SJ, Toscano A. Changing oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old schoolchildren in Portugal. Community Dent Health 2003;20(4):211-6. [Pubmed]   
9. Mahesh Kumar P, Joseph T, Varma RB, Jayanthi M. Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years school going children in Chennai city—an epidemiological study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2005;23(1):17-22. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Nasir WO, Oginni AO, Taiwo M. Dental caries in 12-year-old suburban Nigerian school children. Afr Health Sci 2006;6(3):145-50. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
11. Saravanan S, Kalyani V, Vijayarani MP, Jayakodi P, Felix J, Arunmozhi P, et al. Caries prevalence and treatment needs of rural school children in Chidambaram Taluk, Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Dent Res 2008;19(3):186-90. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Lukacs JR, Largaespada LL. Explaining sex differences in dental caries prevalence: saliva, hormones, and “life-history” etiologies. Am J Hum Biol 2006;18(4):540-55. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Saravanan S, Anuradha KP, Bhaskar DJ. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among school going children of Pondicherry, India. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2003;21(1): 1-12. [Pubmed]   
14. Sunayana G, John J, Sarvanan S, Arumugham IM. Prevalence of dental caries among 12 and 15 year old school children in Chennai city. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2009;13:54-9.
15. Varenne B, Petersen PE, Ouattara S. Oral health status of children and adults in urban and rural areas of Burkina Faso, Africa. Int Dent J 2004;54:83-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Avinash J, Bhaskar DJ, Mathur A, Khushboo S. Dental caries status among 12 and 15 year old school going children in urban and rural settlements of Bangalore, India. J Oral Health Res 2010;1:19-25.
17. Yee R, McDonald N. Caries experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old school children in central and western Nepal. Int Dent J 2002;52(6):453-60. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Singh AA, Singh B, Kharbanda OP, Shukla DK, Goswami K, Gupta S. A study of dental caries in school children from rural Haryana. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 1999;17(1):24-8. [Pubmed]   
19. Prasai Dixit L, Shakya A, Shrestha M, Shrestha A. Dental caries prevalence, oral health knowledge and practice among indigenous Chepang school children of Nepal. BMC Oral Health 2013;13:20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
20. Gathecha G, Makokha A, Wanzala P, Omolo J, Smith P. Dental caries and oral health practices among 12 year old children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts, Kenya. Pan Afr Med J 2012;12:42. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115


Web Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=200260 [Access: July 17, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited July 17, 2019]; 5(4): 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



Harvard Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P (2016) Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (4), 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



Turabian Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. 2016. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



Chicago Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. "Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P. "Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.4 (2016), 700-704. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P (2016) Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 700-704. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.27082015115





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • A study on various factors affecting family planning practices among eligible couples in urban slums of municipal corporation area in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
    Hetal T Koringa, Krupal J Joshi, Jitesh P Mehta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1675-1680
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11042015343

  • Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana
    Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 627-632
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 25 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]