E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu.

Abstract
Background: India is the second most populous country in the world. Of the total slum dwellers worldwide, 17% of them are present in India. Although the total fertility rate (TFR) for the country has decreased to 2.5 in the period from 2009 to 2010, there are still miles to go to reach the replacement level of 2.1.

Objective: To assess the utilization pattern of family planning services by eligible couples and to identify the factors affecting it.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out from July 2012 to June 2013 with a sample of 405 women in the reproductive age group; they were selected using systematic random sampling. Data entry and statistical analysis were performed using the SPSS, version17.0.

Result: About 55.6% couples were presently practicing contraceptive methods. About 94.3% couples were using temporary method for contraception. The most common method used was condoms. Female sterilization was the only permanent method accepted by couples in our study. Only 23.6% couples were utilizing the government facility for the procurement of the contraceptives. Higher age, higher levels of education, and occupation of the couples led to the increased utilization of contraceptive practices in a significant manner. Better standard of living, increasing birth order, and having a nuclear family was also found to be significantly associated with contraceptive practices.

Conclusion: Sociodemographic factors play an important role in the utilization of family planning services in slum areas. The Muslim community in slums preferred temporary methods of contraception over permanent ones with the private sector being the major service provider.

Key words: Contraception, family planning, Muslim, slum


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Arslan Neyaz
Articles by Malik S Ahmed
Articles by Priyanka C Sahu
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3131
Downloaded: 578
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. UN-HABITAT. State of the World's Cities 2006/2007. London: Earth Scan, 2006. Available at: http://mirror.unhabitat.org/pmss/ getElectronicVersion.aspx?nr=2101&alt=1 (last accessed on March 18, 2015).
2. Saini NK, Singh M, Gaur DR, Kumar R, Rajput M. Awareness and practices regarding spacing methods in urban slums of Rohtak. Indian J Community Med 2006;31(2):84–5.
3. Government of India. Census of India 2011, Provisional Population Totals, Paper 1 of 2011, India Series 1. New Delhi, India: Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, 2011. Available at: http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/ data_files/india/paper_contentsetc.pdf (last accessed on March 18, 2015).
4. Patro BK, Kant S, Baridalyne N, Goswami AK. Contraceptive practices among married women in a resettlement colony of Delhi. Health Popul–Perspect Issues 2005;28(1):9–16.
5. Mishra V. Muslim/Non-Muslim Differentials in Fertility and Family Planning in India. Population and Health Series. Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West Center Working Papers, 2004. p. 112. Available at: http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/POPwp112.pdf (last accessed on March 18, 2015).
6. Khan Z, Mehnaz S, Khalique N, Ansari MA, Siddiqui AR. Poor perinatal care practices in urban slums: possible role of social mobilization networks. Indian J Community Med 2009;34(2):102–7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
7. Kamal SMM. Contraceptive Use and Method Choice in Urban Slum of Bangladesh. Kampala, Uganda: International Conference on Family Planning: Research and Best Practices 2009, Session F05: Contraceptive Practice in Asia, 2009. Available at: http://fpconference.org/2009/media/DIR_169701/15f1ae857ca 97193ffff83a4ffffd524.pdf. (last accessed on February 22, 2015).
8. Veeramatha CS. Reproductive and Child Health Programmes in the Urban Slums of Bangalore City: A Study on Unmet Needs for Family Welfare Services. Bangalore, India: Institute for Social and Economic Change, 2007. Working Paper 182. Available at: http://www.isec.ac.in/WP%20-%20182.pdf (last accessed on February 22, 2015).
9. Mony PK, Verghese L, Bhattacharji S, George A, Thoppuram P, Mathai M. Demography, environmental status and maternal health care in slums of Vellore town, Southern India. Indian J Community Med 2006;31(4):230–3.
10. Bhasin SK, Pant M, Metha M, Kumar S. Prevalence of usage of different contraceptive methods in East Delhi—a cross sectional study. Indian J Community Med 2005;30(2):53–5.
11. Ghosh S, Samanta A, Mukherjee S. Knowledge and practice of family planning in married women of reproductive age group in a slum of Kolkata. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2013;6(1):34–9.
12. Mihir G, Geeta K. Socio-demographic and morbidity profile of slum area in Ahmedabad, India. Natl J Community Med 2010;1:106–10.
13. Velankar DH. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding contraceptive methods of family planning in an urban slum community of Mumbai. Bombay Hosp J 2009;51(2):149–54.
14. Joshi SM, Patil SB. Knowledge and practices of family planning in an urban slum of Mumbai. Indian J Prev Soc Med 2007;38: 1–4.
15. Khokhar A, Mehra M. Contraceptive use in women from a resettlement area in Delhi. Indian J Community Med 2005;30(1):21.
16. Makade KG, Padhyegurjar M, Padhyegurjar SB, Kulkarni RN. Study of contraceptive use among married women in a slum in Mumbai. Natl J Community Med 2012;3(1):40–3.
17. Upadhyay J, Sharma AK. Fertility patterns and family planning acceptance among slum dwellers in Kanpur. J Fam Planning 1995;41(2):61–8.
18. Kumar A, Bhardwaj P, Srivastava JP, Gupta P. A study on family planning practices and methods among women of urban slums of Lucknow city. Indian J Community Health 2011;23(2):75–7.
19. Devgun P, Gill KP, Kumari R. A cross sectional study to know the extent and pattern of usage of family planning methods in the slums of periurban Amritsar. Indian J Matern Child Health 2011;13:1–8.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363


Web Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=190527 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited October 18, 2019]; 4(12): 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



Harvard Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu (2015) Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (12), 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



Turabian Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. 2015. Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



Chicago Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. "Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu. "Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.12 (2015), 1744-1749. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arslan Neyaz, Malik S Ahmed, Priyanka C Sahu (2015) Contraceptive practices in Muslim-predominated slums of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1744-1749. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24052015363





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telanganaa clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 27 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Abdominal volume index and conicity index in predicting metabolic abnormalities in young women of different socioeconomic class
    Vikram Gowda, Kripa Mariyam Philip
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1452-1456
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015231
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]