E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri.

Abstract
Background: Malaria is one of the major public health problems. Currently, almost 100 countries or territories in the world are considered to be affected by malaria, with Africa and South of Sahara accounting for half of them. The estimation of WHO is that 1.7 to 2.5 million deaths and 300 to 500 million cases of malaria occur each year globally. The disease is distributed in all parts of India.

Objective: To find out the prevalence of different species of malaria in Surendranagar district (Gujarat, India) and comparison of different hematological parameters between the species. Basic procedure includes all patients revealing malaria infection by any species.

Material and Methods: Hematological parameters such as hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), total leukocyte count (TLC), platelet count, and red cell distribution width (RDW) were determined by using automated cell counter, and peripheral smear examination for malarial parasite was taken as gold standard for diagnosis of malaria.

Result: Of the 129 patients, 60 patients revealed Plasmodium falciparum malaria and 69 patients revealed Plasmodium vivax malaria; other species has not been identified in this region. Anemia (Hb < 10 g/dL, p = 0.00), platelet count (<50,000 cells/mm3, p = 0.01), and PCV(<35%, p = 0.00) were the best favoring parameters of P. falciparum when compared with P. vivax.

Conclusion: We concluded that prevalence of P. vivax was higher than P. falciparum in southeast region of Saurashtra and that P. falciparum compared with P. vivax can cause significant hematologic changes with high frequency of thrombocytopenia, anemia, and decreased PCV. The blood changes are so characteristic that the diagnosis of malaria should always be considered in the presence of aforementioned findings.

Key words: Malaria, prevalence, hematological parameters


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350


Web Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=189731 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited October 18, 2019]; 4(12): 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



Harvard Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri (2015) Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (12), 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



Turabian Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. 2015. Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



Chicago Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. "Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri. "Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.12 (2015), 1697-1701. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri (2015) Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1697-1701. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.16052015350





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