E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon.

Abstract
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in India since centuries. The general public do not have adequate knowledge about TB. The patients also conceal the disease from family, relatives, and friends owing to the stigma attached to it.

Objective: To identify the knowledge and awareness regarding various variables of TB among patients attending general medicine outpatient department of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala, and to associate the awareness level with their literacy status.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study done among patients attending general medicine outpatient department of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. The study tool was a predesigned and pretested schedule, containing close-ended questions. The sample size was calculated as 400. The sampling technique was systematic random sampling. Informed verbal consent was taken. The study technique was exit interview. Data were entered in MS Excel and analyzed by the statistical package SPSS software, version 16.0. The X2-test was applied.

Result: About 80% of the study population was aware of the infectious etiology of TB. About 43.75% thought it affects all ages. The source of knowledge was mostly from the family (49.5%). Around 60% considered cough as an important symptom. Only 13.75% subjects knew about directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) center. The literacy status showed a significant influence on awareness level of TB.

Conclusion: The awareness about TB among general patients was average. A lot of health education and awareness drive is necessary to impart knowledge regarding diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of TB, which is necessary for curbing the menace of TB from the society.

Key words: Awareness, general patients, literacy, tuberculosis, Kollam


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348


Web Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=189614 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited October 18, 2019]; 4(12): 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



Harvard Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon (2015) Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (12), 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



Turabian Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. 2015. Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



Chicago Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. "Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon. "Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.12 (2015), 1685-1690. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmad N Aslami, Vincy Nelson, Abraham Jobby, Malik S Ahmed, Sony Simon (2015) Awareness of tuberculosis among general patients of a tertiary-care hospital in Kollam, Kerala. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1685-1690. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23052015348





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