E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa.

Abstract
Back ground: In both developed and underdeveloped countries, the prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases is gaining more significance among the adult population. The majority of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke are behavioral in nature and, thus, preventable.

Objective: To find out the prevalence of risk factors of CVD in a rural area in Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in wards 5 and 6 of Arpookara Panchayat. The sample size of the study was 328. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview schedule regarding various lifestyle risk factors. Analysis was done using the software SPSS, version 16.0. For testing association, X2-test was used; P value for level of significance was <0.05.

Result: Total number of subjects in the study was 331. Of the total population, the prevalence of current smokers was 17.2% and ex-smokers 9.1%. The prevalence of current alcoholics, ex-alcoholics, and social consumption of alcohol were 41.4%, 13.1%, and 24.1% of the men, respectively. Of the total study population, 18.4% was diabetic patients, and 77.3% of the population were not doing any kind of exercise other than their daily routine. The waist–hip ratio was unfavourable in 23.2% of the population, and 23.6% of population revealed a waist circumference that put them at-risk for CVD. Overweight and obesity were seen in 24.2% and 7.3% of the population, respectively.

Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors of CVD is unacceptably high among even the rural population.

Key words: Cardiovascular disease, risk factors, rural, Kerala


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337


Web Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=183449 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited October 18, 2019]; 4(12): 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



Harvard Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa (2015) Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (12), 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



Turabian Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. 2015. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



Chicago Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. "Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa. "Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.12 (2015), 1655-1660. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa (2015) Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (12), 1655-1660. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.03042015337





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