E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari.

Abstract
Background: Cataract is the most common age-related eye disease and the most treatable cause of visual loss in adults. It is responsible for 52.6% of blindness and 20.6% of visual impairment in southwestern region of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To assess the knowledge of Saudi population in Makkah city about cataract.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, between April and September 2011. It includes a representative sample of the Saudi population in Makkah city who were 40 years or older. Questionnaires consisting of items assessing the knowledge of cataract were administered to the participants. They were attending Primary Health Care Centers in Makkah city.

Results: The study included 384 persons, 81% were men and 19% women. Most of them (72.4%) did not know that cataract is an increase in the opacity of the lens and 78% did not know that cataract can lead to blindness. Majority (90.6%) of population was not aware that the incidence of cataract increases by positive family history and 76.4% that the incidence of cataract increases by age. Almost two-thirds of them (65.9%) did not know that it is treated surgically when it affects vision.

Conclusion: Saudi population in Makkah city aged 40 years or above possessed poor knowledge about cataract. Therefore, efforts should be made to increase the knowledge and awareness of the general public about the disease.

Key words: Cataract, eye disease, knowledge, Saudi Arabia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Moustafa S Magliyah
Articles by Mohammed R Nageeb
Articles by Dina M Abdulmannan
Articles by Hattan M Badr
Articles by Mohammed M Hemmeish
Articles by Waleed T Alotaibi
Articles by Emad F Azhari
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3360
Downloaded: 1149
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Colenbrander A. Visual Standards—Aspects and Ranges of Vision Loss, with emphasis on Population Surveys. San Francisco, CA: ICO report. April 2002.
2. Belote L. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the Boundaries of Low Vision Patients. A Personal Guide to the VA Visual Impairment Services Program. Available at: http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (last accessed on March 31, 2006).
3. World Health Organization. Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment, Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment. Available at: http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/en/ (last accessed on December 17, 2013).
4. World Health Organization. Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment, Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment. Available at: http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index.html/ (last accessed on December 17, 2013).
5. Quillen DA. Common causes of vision loss in elderly patients. Am Fam Physician 1999;60(1):99-108. [Pubmed]   
6. Trudo EW, Stark WJ. Cataracts. Lifting the clouds on an age-old roblem. Postgrad Med 1998;103(5):114-6, 123-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Al Faran MF, Al-Rajhi AA, Al-Omar OM, Al-Ghamdi SA, Jabak . Prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in the south western region of Saudi Arabia. Int Ophthalmol 1993;17(3):161-5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Lee DJ, Gómez-Marín O, Lam BL, Zheng DD, Caban A. Visual impairment and morbidity in community-residing adults: The National Health Interview Survey 1986-1996. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2005;12(1):13-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Crews JE, Campbell VA. Vision impairment and hearing loss among community-dwelling older Americans: Implications for health and functioning. Am J Public Health 2004;94(5):823-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
10. Keeffe JE, Lam D, Cheung A, Dinh T, McCarty CA. Impact of vision impairment on functioning. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol 1998;26 Suppl 1:S16-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Lee PP, Spritzer K, Hays RD. The impact of blurred vision on functioning and well-being. Ophthalmology 1997;104(3):390-6. 12. Swagerty DL Jr. The impact of age-related visual impairment on functional independence in the elderly. Kans Med 1995;96(1):24-6.
13. Keller BK, Morton JL, Thomas VS, Potter JF. The effect of visual and hearing impairments on functional status. J Am Geriatr Soc 1999;47(11):1319-25. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Eklund K, Sonn U, Dahlin-Ivanoff S. Long-term evaluation of a health education programme for elderly persons with visual impairment. A randomized study. Disabil Rehabil 2004; 26(7):401-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Williams RA, Brody BL, Thomas RG, Kaplan RM, Brown SI. The psychosocial impact of macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol 1998;116(4):514-20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Rizzo M, Kellison IL. Eyes, brains, and autos. Arch Ophthalmol 004;122(4):641-7.
17. Schillinger D, Grumbach K, Piette J, Wang F, Osmond D, Daher C, et al. Association of health literacy with diabetes outcomes. JAMA 2002;288(4):475-82. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Gazmararian JA, Baker DW, Williams MV, Parker RM, Scott TL, Green DC, et al. Health literacy among Medicare enrollees in a managed care organization. JAMA 1999;281(6):545-51. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
19. Lau JT, Lee V, Fan D, Lau M, Michon J. Knowledge about cataract, glaucoma, and age related macular degeneration in the Hong Kong Chinese population. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86(10):1080-4. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
20. Omolase CO. Awareness and knowledge of cataract in a Nigerian community. Niger Med Pract 2008;53(3):36-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
21. Noertjojo K, Maberley D, Bassett K, Courtright P. Awareness of eye diseases and risk factors: Identifying needs for health education and promotion in Canada. Can J Ophthalmol 2006;41(5):617-23. [DOI via Crossref]   
22. Zhou JB, Guan HJ, Qu J, Yang XJ, Peng D, Gu HY. A study on the awareness of cataract disease and treatment options in patients who need surgery in a rural area of Eastern China. Eur J Ophthalmol 2008;18(4):544-50. [Pubmed]   
23. Mark JA, Lesley F, Barry B, Rebecca B. Eye health in New Zealand: A study of public knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to eye health and disease. Health Educ 2011;111(2):147-55. [DOI via Crossref]   
24. Marcela F, Robert NK. Access and barriers to eye, vision and health care. Optometric Care within the Public Health Community. NY: Old Post Publishing; 2009. Available at: http://webpages.charter.net/oldpostpublishing/oldpostpublishing/Section%204,%20Access%20and%20Barriers%20to%20Eye%20and%20Health%20Care/Sect%204,%20Access%20and%20Barriers%20by%20Frazier%20and%20Kleinstein.pdf (last accessed on December, 2013).
25. Carol H, Dave T, Vivien N, Donna-Louise H, Sarah D, Ian R, et al. The barriers and enablers that affect access to primary and secondary eye care across the UK. London, UK: RNIB and Shared Intelligence, 2012.
26. Saudi Ophthalmological Society. Cataract. Available at: http://213.230.15.195/sosnew/section/search.cfm?txtsearch= %C7%E1%E3%C7%C1%20%C7%E1%C3%C8% ED%D6&sr=1/ (last accessed on December 24, 2013).

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(5): 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121


Web Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=179880 [Access: April 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(5): 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited April 23, 2019]; 4(5): 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



Harvard Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari (2015) Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (5), 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



Turabian Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. 2015. Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (5), 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



Chicago Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. "Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari. "Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.5 (2015), 595-599. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Moustafa S Magliyah, Mohammed R Nageeb, Dina M Abdulmannan, Hattan M Badr, Mohammed M Hemmeish, Waleed T Alotaibi, Emad F Azhari (2015) Assessment of knowledge regarding cataract among Saudi adult population in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (5), 595-599. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.02022015121





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telanganaa clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 25 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]