E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

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Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Adolescence is a transition period in life from a dependent child to an independently functioning adult. Menarche is an important event occurring in girls during this period. Many factors are contributing to these changes, mainly improvement in nutritional and socioeconomic statuses, especially in developing countries such as India, and have many social, medical, and medicolegal implications.

Objective: To find out age at menarche and its relation with nutritional status and socioeconomic status among adolescent school girls.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out among 350 adolescent school girls of the age group 9–16 years in Thiruvananthapuram, a well-populated city in Kerala, India. Stratified random sampling technique was used to give due representation to schools controlled by government, aided, and private sectors. Data were entered in Epi info statistical package and analysis done using Epi info and SPSS statistical packages and Microsoft excel work sheet.

Results: The mean age at menarche was 12.1 ± 1.19 years, which was less than that observed in studies conducted in various parts of world and India, which also showed a statistically significant association with body mass index and socioeconomic status.

Conclusion: Fall in the age of menarche has made young girls more vulnerable to the potential hazards of sexual abuse, unprotected sexual activity, earlier unintended pregnancy, illegal abortions, and sexually transmitted diseases. Parents, family, and the community at large also can play a vital role in the appropriate development of adolescents.

Key words: Age at menarche, nutritional and socioeconomic statuses, adolescent girls, Thiruvananthapuram city


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157


Web Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=177618 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited August 24, 2019]; 4(6): 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



Harvard Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan (2015) Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (6), 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



Turabian Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. 2015. Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (6), 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



Chicago Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. "Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan. "Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.6 (2015), 777-780. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Saritha Soman Radha,Vimala Chellappan (2015) Age at menarche and its relation with nutritional and socioeconomic status—A study among adolescent school girls. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (6), 777-780. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15012015157





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