E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common infections worldwide. About 3.5 million people around the world are estimated to be affected as a result of these infections, the majority being children. Opportunistic parasitic infections cause severe diarrhea, especially in infants, and can be fatal in acute diseases.

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites in pediatric age group.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at the Department of Microbiology, CU Shah Medical College and Hospital, Gujarat, India, on stool samples received from children from January 2011 to January 2012. Detailed clinical history along with details of sociodemographic factors, literacy level, and hygiene habits were obtained. Saline and iodine mount and modified Ziehl–Neelsen stained preparation were examined microscopically.

Result: Of 180 patients enrolled in the study, 99 (55%) were males and 81 (45%) were females. In this study, prevalence of intestinal parasites was 13.3%; among these, 3.33% were Entamoeba histolytica, 5% were Giardia lamblia, 3.33% Cryptosporidium parvum, 1.11% Ascaris lumbricoides, and 0.55% Ancylostoma duodenale. Highest number of parasitic infections was seen in the age group of 6–10 years and opportunistic parasites were more prevalent in the age group of <1 year. Majority of patients having parasitic infection were illiterate, living in kutcha house, having open source of drinking water, and having unhygienic sanitary habits.

Conclusion: The study indicates that parasitic infections are still major public health problems in tropical countries such as India. These infections were found to be due to low standards of housing, faulty technique of hand washing, nonusage of sanitary latrine, and illiteracy. As found in this study, higher rate of parasitic infection in school-going children requires hygiene education to students and parents. The study reaffirms and confirms the previously held view that opportunistic parasites can cause diarrhea in pediatric patients. All children found to have opportunistic parasites must be screened for HIV infection and other causes of immunodeficiency.

Key words: Parasitic infection in children, opportunistic parasites, predisposing factors


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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Journal of Parasitology Research 2018; 2018(): 1.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170


Web Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=177243 [Access: August 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited August 24, 2019]; 4(6): 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



Harvard Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat (2015) Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (6), 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



Turabian Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. 2015. Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (6), 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



Chicago Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. "Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat. "Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.6 (2015), 841-844. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hitesh Assudani, Jigar Gusani, Sanjay Mehta, Harihar Agravat (2015) Intestinal parasitic infections in pediatric patients with diarrhea with special emphasis to opportunistic parasites and predisposing factors. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (6), 841-844. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11012015170





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